- About Gunsan
- General Information
- Mansik Chae was born as the youngest child from his parents (Gyuseob Chae and Useob Jo) in the year of 1902 at 31 Chuksan-Ri Impi-Myoung Gunsan Jeonbuk. He had four brothers and one sister. After his graduation from Jungang High School, he went to Japan to attend Waseda University Affiliated Jeil High School (Liberal Arts), but could not finish the schooling. His latter life was full of poverty and dejection. He died of tuberculosis at the age of 49, 27 May 1950 (lunar calendar).
His first work, which was written just after he graduated from his middle school, was “Transition Period” published in “Modern Literature” in April of 1956. He made his formal debut with “Sekillo”, published in “Josun Mundan (Korea Literary Circles)” in December of 1924. Since then he wrote until 1950 a total of 345 works including plays, full-length and medium-length novels, short stories, essays, contes and fairy tales (11 full-length novels, 7 medium-length novels, 69 short stories, 28 plays, 74 pieces of miscellany, 32 critiques, 76 essays, 7 contes, 3 fairy tales, 1 children play, 2 scenarios, 3 records of table-talk, 15 annotates, 10 travel essays, 6 book-reviews and 1 broadcast play).
- Eun Ko, a historic poet, was born in Naun-dong Gunsan Jeonbuk on 01 August 1933. His major work is “Maninbo.”
His real name and his Buddhist name are Euntae and Ilcho respectively.
He joined a Buddhist Monastery in 1952 to become the monk succeeding Great Master Hyobong. Since then he disciplined Zen by wandering all over the country for 10 years,and after that returned to a secular life. After the 1970’s, he took part in the pro-democracy movement very aggressively. He served as Chairman of the Association of Literary Men Practicing Freedom, was a central committee member of the Democracy Recovery National Conference, was the Chairman of the National Literary Men’s Conference and the Chairman of the National Artist General Federation.
- Gwangwung Yi was born in Iksan in 1940. He graduated from Namsung High School, received his Bachelor’s degree in Korean Literature from Wongwang University and also his Master’s degree from Wongang University Graduate School. In his latter life, he lived in Gunsan and died of stomach cancer in December 1992. He started his literary career by publishing his poems in “Modern Literature” and “Grass and Star.” After that, he published his poetry “Bamboo Grove”, “At the Risk of Life” and “Daffodils,” while he exerted himself to teach students to cultivate a pure and clear personality in Jeil High School and Seoheung Middle School in Gunsan. His deprivation of the title of teacher due to his joining of the Korean Teachers and Education Workers Union shows how profound his love of students was.
1. Chiwon Choi (857 ~ ?)
- Chiwon Choi was a scholar in the late Unified Shilla period of the 9thcentury.Hemadehisnameintheworldbywriting“Towhangso Gyukmun (A manifesto to urge the leader ‘Whangso’ of the rioters to surrender)” in the Dang Dynasty of China. When he came back to the Shilla Kingdom, he suggested ‘Shimuchek (Policy for the current affairs)’ to Queen Jinsung for political reformation.
2. Gyoung Ko (1276 ~ 1342)
- Gyoung Ko was a scholar of Chinese Classics. He was a very famous scholar who was highly respected for his lofty morality and steadfast loyalty. He passed the national liberal arts examination to start his career as a government officer. He served as an officer in ‘Munhabu (Supreme Administrative Office) at the age of 21, was governor of Gangwon Province at the age of 23, Officer of Sangseosabu (Ministry of Ritual and Ceremonial Rite) at 24, and Chief of Hanrimwon (Ministry of Documentation for the King). At the age of 33, he got the name for meritorious subject of “Ikjaewonhun.”
3. Yonghyun Ko (1302 ~ 1368)
- Yonghyun Ko was a civil subject in the latter Korea Dynasty. Betraying King Chungsuk, he got the position of Daesasung (Officer of Royal Academy) by making a contribution to the King Chunghye’s Accession to the Throne. However, when King Chungsuk returned power again, he was exiled. Later, he was restored to the position of Gaesungyun (officer of the Gaesung Local Government) and then he was sent to the Won Kingdom of China as a Hajeongsa (Member of Delegation to China for the celebration of the New Year).
4. Byoungsun Song (1836 ~ 1906)
- Byoungseon Song was a scholar who died for the Chosun Dynasty. When Japan forcibly concluded the Eulsa Treaty, thus depriving the Chosun Dynasty of national sovereignty, he committed suicide and left a will demanding execution of Five Enemies of Eulsa (the Korean officers who helped the forcible conclusion of the treaty in the year of Eulsa), a cancellation of the treaty and the people’s uprising for the recovery of national sovereignty.
5. Museon Choi
- Museon Choi (1325 ~ 1395) was a great scientist and warrior who defeated Japanese raiders by inventing gunpowder and making weapons which were first used in Korean history. When the gunpowder was imported from China only for fireworks, he had the pioneering vision to dedicate himself to eventually invent the gunpowder unique to the Chosun Dynasty.
6. Anse Jang
- Anse Jang lived during the Korea Dynasty. He is well-known for his fidelity. While serving as Chief of Hamju County for 10 years, he completed water-conservation work. In addition, he built the Bridge of Manse – 15 meters long - with wooden plates.
7. Ho Choi
- Ho Choi was born in the 27thyearofKingJungjong’s regime in Balsan-Ri Impi-Myoun. He was a general in the Chuncheong Province Army during Imjinwaeran (a war against Japan starting in the year of Imjin). He died in the Chiljeonryang Naval Battle.
Youngchun Yi (1902 ~ 1980)
- Youngchun Yi was born in Yonggang-Gun in Pyoungannamdo. He lived with the farmers in the Honam Plain, in particular in Gaejung. He was a pioneer in the medical business and for preventive medicine. He also was a pioneer in public health. He is called Korean Schweitzer. He founded Gaejung Nursing School, Hwaho Girls’ Middle School and Gaejung Hospital.
- Manchae Jeong was born in Jochon-Dong Gunsan on 27 May 1884. He bought a Scientific Homekeeping School managed by the Japanese to found Dongsan Academy which was composed of the current Jeil Elementary School, Gunsan Jungang Girls’ Middle School, Gunsan Dong Middle and High School all of which are prestigious private institutions.
Jongryang Kim (1904 ~ 1962)
- Jongryang Kim was born in Okku. He graduated from Gwangdo High School. After Independence, he, engaged in journalism, founded Segyeilbo as a chairman. He also founded the Gunsan Newspaper and became the first chairman. He served as chairman of the board of Dongsan Academy.